Central Bureau of Statistics
Israel at 70 Statistic (download)
This year, the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), like the State of Israel, is celebrating the 70th anniversary of its establishment. The CBS collects, processes and publishes data on the population, the economy and society. These data are interwoven with the story of Israel throughout its years.
They serve as a basis for decision making, policy planning and budgeting, and are available to each and every one of us. The CBS data has accompanied Israel as it transformed from a developing country into a developed country with many achievements in science, industry, education, health, agriculture, and almost all aspects of life.
The CBS was established as an independent auxiliary unit in the Prime Minister’s Ofce, as a direct continuation of the statistics departments of the Mandate government and of the Jewish Agency that operated during the Mandate period. The CBS is headed by the National Statistician, and the Public Council for Statistics accompanies its professional-scientifc work, alongside Israel’s membership in international organizations such as the OECD, the IMF and others.
The CBS operates by virtue of the Statistics Ordinance [New Version] 5732-1972, which defnes the functions of the CBS, its work procedures, the public’s obligation to provide information to the CBS, the obligation of the CBS to maintain the confdentiality of the information received, as well as the CBS’s obligation to publish the results of its work. The aim of the CBS is to provide updated, quality and independent statistical information to a variety of users in Israel and around the world.
The CBS’s intended audience includes the Knesset, the government, local authorities, international organizations, research institutions, companies in the economy, media, students, pupils and the general public. The CBS conducts dozens of surveys a year, mainly business surveys and family surveys. Among them are the following: The Labour Force Survey, which provides data on the number of employed and unemployed persons in the Israeli economy; the Household Expenditure Survey, which is used to formulate the consumption basket of the consumer price index and a presentation of the population’s standard of living; and the Social Survey, which presents the public’s views on assorted and variable issues. Approximately 90,000 households and individuals participate in the CBS surveys on families annually, and the response rates range around 80%.
The CBS also conducts a population census every decade. Prof. Roberto Bachi, who headed the CBS until 1971, was one of the initiators of Israel’s frst population census, conducted in November 1948. This census was used to register residents and distribute identity cards prior to the elections for the frst Knesset (it was performed under curfew and during the War of Independence).
Since the frst census, fve additional censuses have been held (in 1961, 1972, 1983, 1995, and 2008). The CBS is currently preparing for the next population census, which is expected to take place in 2020. Through the population census, the various surveys and the sources of information at its disposal, for more than seven decades the CBS has been creating the ofcial statistics of Israel, which are needed for its existence as a modern state.